dblatex — convert DocBook to LaTeX, DVI, PostScript, and PDF


dblatex [options] {file | -}


dblatex is a program that transforms your SGML/XML DocBook documents to DVI, PostScript or PDF by translating them into pure LaTeX as a first process. MathML 2.0 markups are supported, too.


A summary of options is included below.

-h, --help
Show a help message and exit.
-b backend, --backend=backend
Backend driver to use: pdftex (default), dvips, or xetex. See also the section called “Backend Drivers”.
-B, --no-batch
All the tex output is printed.
-c config, -S config, --config=config
Configuration file. A configuration file can be used to group all the options and customizations to apply. See the section called “Dblatex Configuration File”.
-d, --debug
Debug mode: Keep the temporary directory in which dblatex actually works. the section called “Debugging your Style” explains how you can use it.
-D, --dump
Dump the error stack when an error occurs (debug purpose).
-e indexstyle, --indexstyle indexstyle
Index style file to pass to makeindex instead of the dblatex default index style.
-f figure_format, --fig-format=figure_format
Input figure format: fig, eps. Used when not deduced from figure file extension. See also the section called “ Converting on the fly ”.
-F input_format, --input-format=input_format
Input file format: sgml, xml (default).
-i texinputs, --texinputs texinputs
Path added to TEXINPUTS
-I figure_path, --fig-path=figure_path
Additional lookup path of the figures. See the section called “ Paths Lookup ”.
-l bst_path, --bst-path=bst_path
Additional lookup path of the BibTeX styles. See the section called “Using BibTeX Databases”.
-L bib_path, --bib-path=bib_path
Additional lookup path of the BibTeX databases. See the section called “Using BibTeX Databases”.
-m xslt, --xslt=xslt
XSLT engine to use. The available engines are: xsltproc (default), 4xslt, saxon.
-o output, --output=output
Output filename. When not specified, the input filename is used, with the suffix of the output format. The option is ignored if several books are chunked from a set. In this case the -O option is applied instead.
-O output_dir, --output-dir=output_dir
Output directory of the books built from a set. When not specified, the current working directory is used instead. The option is ignored if a single document is outputed, and the -o is taken into account.
-p xsl_user, --xsl-user=xsl_user
An XSL user stylesheet to use. Several user stylesheets can be specified, but the option order is meaningful: a user stylesheet takes precedence over previously defined user stylesheets. See the section called “Using XSL Parameters”.
-P param=value , --param=param=value
Set an XSL parameter from command line. See the section called “Setting Command line Parameters”.
-q, --quiet
Less verbose, showing only TeX output messages and error messages.
-r [plugin:]script, --texpost=[plugin:]script
Script called at the very end of the tex compilation. Its role is to modify the tex file or one of the compilation files before the last round. The script can be a python plugin. In this case add the prefix term 'plugin:'. See the section called “Latex post process script”.
-s latex_style, --texstyle=latex_style
Latex style to apply. It can be a package name, or directly a latex package path. A package name must be without a directory path and without the '.sty' extension. On the contrary, a full latex package path can contain a directory path, but must ends with the '.sty' extension. See the section called “Customized LaTeX style”.
-t format, --type=format
Output format. Available formats: tex, dvi, ps, pdf (default).
DVI output. Equivalent to -tdvi.
PDF output. Equivalent to -tpdf.
PostScript output. Equivalent to -tps.
-T style, --style=style
Output style, predefined are: db2latex, simple, native (default). See the section called “Output Formatting Style”.
-v, --version
Display the dblatex version.
-V, --verbose
Verbose mode, showing the running commands
-x xslt_options, --xslt-opts=xslt_options
Arguments directly passed to the XSLT engine
-X, --no-external
Disable the external text file support. This support is needed for callouts on external files referenced by textdata or imagedata, but it can be disabled if the document does not contain such callouts. Disabling this support can improve the processing performance for big documents.

Files and Directories

User configuration directory.
System-wide configuration directory.

The predefined output styles are located in the installed package directory.

Environment Variables

Extra configuration directories that may contain some dblatex configuration files.


To produce myfile.pdf from myfile.xml:

dblatex myfile.xml

To set some XSL parameters from the command line:

dblatex -P latex.babel.language=de myfile.xml

To use your XSL stylesheet:

dblatex -p myconfig.xsl myfile.xml

To use the db2latex output style:

dblatex -T db2latex myfile.xml

To apply your own latex style:

dblatex -s mystyle myfile.xml
dblatex -s /path/to/mystyle.sty myfile.xml

To pass extra arguments to the XSLT engine:

dblatex -x "--path /path/to/load/entity" myfile.xml

To use dblatex and profiling:

xsltproc --param profile.attribute "'output'" \
         --param profile.value "'pdf'" \
         /path/to/profiling/profile.xsl \
         myfile.xml | dblatex -o myfile.pdf -

To build a set of books:

dblatex -O /path/to/chunk/dir -Pset.book.num=all myfile.xml